How can my kid become a better reader and writer?
A big part of teaching writing is giving the right suggestions that stimulates a student's creative spark and gives them a feeling like "Yeah that's a great idea, I want to write about that." Oftentimes that comes from giving students an interesting writing prompt- often that involves including some kind of mystery to the writing topic. Another important part of teaching writing is to offer funny examples to students and writing in a way that makes students want to naturally imitate you. For example, as a teacher you can write about the topic "What kind of house do you want to live in? Or what changes should be made in the government. You can write about these topics in a really fun, descriptive and bold way where the writing really comes off the page and shakes up a student's mind or you can write it in a really boring way.
Another foundational goal in teaching writing is getting a student to elaborate on a topic and to focus on a single idea. This is almost always the biggest task when you're teaching a student who hasn't had a lot of good training in writing. Getting over the writer's block and being able to give details and to think of things to say or express about a single idea instead of just offering a list of different ideas.
On a more advanced level, I think teaching writing involves getting a student to become descriptive and to gain a sense of what is beautiful with their words. A good writer needs to learn how to use a variety of expressions and idioms as well as adjectives to describe their ideas and offer writing that is aesthetically pleasing or memorable and punchy.
To become a greater reader, teachers need to have a sense of what are the important issues or parts of a book they want to focus on. And teachers need to have a sense of what parts students do not understand. And teachers need to engage their students in discussion and dialogue frequently throughout the reading to give the students a great sense of depth and imagination and to give them an immersive experience as a reader.
To raise a child to be a good reader, statistics say a parent must be a good reader themselves. I think this is true to some extent, but we all know that modern life is extremely busy. Who has time to sit down and read?
In this case, take your child to many places like museums and places of culture that they can later read about. Take them places they think are fun, and then introduce them to books on those subjects. That's the easy answer when it comes to nonfiction and younger children.
For fiction, it's a lot easier.
Research the endless resources online and find out what the most popular books are. Chances are, the books are popular for a reason, especially when it comes to children's books. Children are a lot less fickle in their tastes compared to adults when it comes to literature. They don't think about how the writing was, or if they related to the character or if the author's politics aligned with theirs. If they liked it, they liked it. It's that simple.
If your child doesn't like the best-sellers, just take them to a bookstore or library every weekend. That's what worked for Andrew and I.
To be a writer, you have to like writing. Writing in its earliest stages is always going to be fun because it is creative. Do not start your young child's journey into writing by making them write essays. This will make them eventually get bored of writing unless they were simply born to do that.
Instead, let them write. Let them write poems, let them write stories, let them write nonsense. Let them write with all of their mistakes and lack of paragraphs and endless sentences. When they are on their own, just let them create the way you would let a painter paint without any demands he/she color within the lines.